NEW HOPE FOR DIABETIC PATIENTS WITH STEM CELL THERAPY
Diabetes is currently one of the most widespread diseases, and its prevalence is rapidly growing around the world.
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It’s also your brain’s main source of fuel.
If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the causes may differ. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems.
The two main types of diabetes are:
- Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin occur due to the damage of beta cells in the pancreas.
- Type 2 diabetes is the commonly occurring form of diabetes and is caused when the body’s muscle, fat, and liver cells do not use insulin effectively.
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Extreme hunger
- Unexplained weight loss
- Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections
However, as the disease progresses and becomes chronic, it can lead to permanent disabilities with life threatening consequences like limb amputations, blindness, stroke, cardiovascular failure, kidney failure etc. As per the Association of Physicians of India Survey 2015, 90% diabetics in India do not view diabetes as serious health problem or threat until the catastrophic consequences surface themselves.
The symptoms are controlled through medicines, insulin injections, diabetic diet and regular exercise etc. with only temporary effect. Few hormone therapies and use of steroids are also available as short term reliefs, but are highly hazardous to health in the long run.
Turning Stem Cells into Insulin-Producing Cells
Autologous stem cells procured from various sources from the patient’s body including bone marrow, fat adipose tissue, etc. are reintroduced into the patient’s body. These cells multiply speedily, repairing and replacing the damaged cells. They stimulate the formation of new islets of Langerhans in pancreas that boosts the production of insulin and brings down the blood sugar level. This acts as a marvel in both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
There is a significant reduction in the insulin dosage with remarkable improvement in the general health of the diabetic patient. The disastrous consequences of diabetes are either eliminated or delayed to a great extent.